Sunday, January 8, 2017

KIPP has over 65% more revenue per child but is not spending that much more on Instruction!

There is a general pattern in charter schools having higher student turnover, (http://schoolarchiveproject.blogspot.com/2012/04/kipp-truth-academy-student-movement.html), a charter student dropout rate that is many times higher than ISD's, and a teacher turnover rate twice that of ISD's. The result is an average charter school teacher tenure that is less than half that of ISD's. (Verified at the blog at the last link below.)
Today I discovered that one of the more prominent charter schools systems, KIPP, also has an unusually large amount of money per student more than Dallas ISD, and KIPP is NOT spending correspondingly more on student instruction! While charter schools on average spend 5 percentage points less of their budget on Instruction, that number is usually about 40% of revenue. At KIPP that number is closer to 30%!
Texas Education Agency Snapshot data shows that the 2 KIPP schools in Dallas are both getting about 70% more per student in income (Item 73 shows $17,979 for KIPP vs $10,595 for DISD) than Dallas ISD. However, they are only spending about 25% more on instruction (Item 88 shows $6,000 for KIPP vs $4,801 for DISD. 2014 expenditures were almost equal between KIPP and DISD even though the income per students was almost as high as 2015!) It makes you wonder where the extra money goes, and wonder even more why the percentage of all students passing all tests (Item # 23) is only 2 percentage points higher for KIPP than DISD (67% vs 69%).
Given a more select student population (impossible to avoid when parents both select the school and must have resources to provide transportation to the school) KIPP should be doing much better. KIPP teacher turnover is almost double that at DISD, and average teacher tenure is only 2 years compared to 10 at DISD, so those are certainly factors. Higher teacher turnover is a very common pattern at charter schools. Look at the data at https://rptsvr1.tea.texas.gov/perfreport/snapshot/2015/district.srch.html
Unless the charter schools are able to lessen transparency surrounding their operations, and keep parents quiet about what is happening to their children in school, the true public schools, ISD's, will win this war. Meanwhile what is the loss to students? See more data for the entire state of Texas for charter schools and ISD's, with a comparison to DISD, at http://schoolarchiveproject.blogspot.com/2016/12/review-of-2014-2015-texas-education.html

Monday, January 2, 2017

Building Self Respect

For fewer behavior problems and higher achievement in high poverty, urban schools

Children without life goals develop into adults without life goals. Behavior problems, teen pregnancies, and criminal behavior are all more common, while academic achievement is rarer, without life goals.
As students advance though school they have increasing ability to identify, document, and update life goals. Sadly, it is too rare that this growing ability is used for what should be a consistently recorded annual event in each student’s development, an event their parents or guardians should also be actively involved in so that they also can also identify their goals for their child. What are their goals as parents?  This project encourages parental involvement in the development of priceless parental goals for every student.
As both parents and students develop the ability to identify and update life goals both as parents and as students, self-confidence and self-respect grows. With that growth, behavioral problems decrease and teen pregnancies will almost disappear. The best birth control in the world is self-control built on the foundation of a solid vision on one’s future life and goals. Negative behaviors lessen, and the potential for criminal behavior almost disappears as a student’s grasp of future goals strengthens.
Such a future focused, life goal identification project called the Time Capsule Project, is now 12 years old in Dallas ISD. Quintanilla Middle School began a goal-focused project for student motivation in 2005. It started only with letters by 8th graders to themselves to be opened after a decade in a huge vault bolted to the floor in the school lobby with 10 shelves inside for 10 years’ worth of letters.  The graduation rates at the high school most students attended immediately began to improve every year as discipline problems and other negative behaviors decreased.  
In 2009 parents and guardians were invited to join in with their own letters to their child about their dreams for them as their parent. While only 1/3 of parents at most wrote such valuable letters, that practice was encouraged as the evolving Time Capsule Project spread to 7 more middle schools.
All Time Capsule Project schools have seen their School Effectiveness Indices (SEI) measurements improve significantly faster than other DISD middle schools during the three academic years from 2013/14 through 2015/16. (See documentation in blogs at www.StudentMotivation.org.)  The two oldest Time Capsule Project Schools have the highest three years average SEI of all 35 middle schools in Dallas ISD!  The remaining 5 schools had an average three year improvement of 6.7 points on their average SEI while the 24 remaining non-magnet middle schools in DISD had their annual SEI scores go down an average of 0.7 points.
In spite of this impressive increase in SEI scores for Time Capsule Project schools, the level of parental involvement by writing a letter to their child has rarely, if ever, gone above 30%. That changed in May of 2016 after the above SEI progress was documented. 
In the past, the request for this parental letter had always came from school staff in a letter sent home.  In May of 2016, Quintanilla changed the source of the request, and decided to have all three grades in the school to be involved.  The request for parents to write to their child about their dreams for their child now comes directly from that child in a letter the student writes in class to their parents.
Immediately the percentage of parents writing a letter to their child increased almost threefold to as much as 85%! When the request comes directly from their child, parents respond!
Remember, Quintanilla also stopped limiting involvement to only 8th graders. They expanded this priceless goal-centered letter writing between parent and child to all grades.
Due to the immediate success of these changes it is now recommended that Time Capsule Project schools have all students write one letter to each parent, and/or involved relative, each year asking them to write a letter back about their dreams for the student. Students in the fourth grade and above should also ask that one story from their family history be included in each letter, a story to be passed on to grandchildren. This strengthens a child's awareness of their family heritage, their roots, and provides priceless documentation of it.
A note from the school can be attached to each student’s letter sent home. It reinforces details about the Time Capsule Project. It recommends everyone writing a letter go over it with the student before the student brings it back it school.
At school, students then write a letter to themselves about their goals and how they will achieve them.  This letter includes stories students want to remember. When finished, each student places their letter, and all relative letters received, into the self-addressed envelope they should have addressed as the first thing to do in class, before writing their letters.  They use their complete home address with email and cell number placed in the second and third lines of the address above the street number and name on the envelope. The return address should have teachers name, the class, and the date the letter is written.  Addressing envelopes is critical so letters are not lost. The completed envelope is placed into the school’s time capsule, on the shelf dedicated to each student's class.
Each year the previous year’s envelopes are returned to students before the next letter writing process. In their request letter to each relative students include the letter written the year before. The year-old letters are read before new ones are written to update dreams and plans.
It is a growing process. Students are reminded of it as they see the 500-pound Time Capsule Vault often, passing it several times daily in the school lobby, where it should be centrally located under spotlights.
This process changes for students in their final year in their school before leaving for the next school in the educational process.  That last year letters are written with plans and dreams focused 10 years into the future.  These final envelopes remain in the time capsule for a decade, until the class 10-year reunion.
The third Quintanilla Middle School 10-year reunion to pick up letters will be in 2017 for the 8th grade class of 2007. It’s scheduled before Career Day to secure volunteers for Career Day. On Career Day, these volunteers talk to current students about life after middle school, their employment and preparation for it, and what they would do differently if they were 13 again.
Such annual goal-focused letter writing is now moving into the elementary grades in at least two DISD elementary schools. At what age could a child write such a powerful request to their parents in a letter? Writing the letter prepares the student to be more open to what their parents will write back.  
It is never too early for a child to discuss their life plans with parents. Nothing increases the potential for fewer behavioral problems than having an active vision of one’s future life, a vision that parents are involved with.
1-2-17 Bill Betzen, bbetzen@aol.com

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

DOI Presentation 12-14-16 before DISD School Board

Testimony for 12-14-16 Dallas ISD Board Meeting on planned study of District of Innovation alternatives for DISD:

President Micciche, Honorable Board, Dr. Hinojosa,


First, everything I say now is already posted, in much more detail with links to data, in the blog at www.StudentMotivation.org. (That is this blog you are now reading.)

Second, congratulations on the brilliant Highland Hills Library presentation of Dallas ISD to the community along with the International Leadership Texas schools, last night.  

Mr. Conger of ILT was brilliant and is formidable competition.  There was no Q and A. Therefore, after the presentations I went to Mr. Conger to ask about his 36% teacher turnover and teacher tenure of only 2.2 years.  When he heard my name he asked if I did an education blog.  I verified that.  He said he used the K-8 research I had collected in the February 2012 posting (http://schoolarchiveproject.blogspot.com/2012/02/separate-middle-schools-vs-k-8.html) in designing his schools on the k-8 feeder pattern model.  He was very thankful.  

I wish DISD was more actively working toward a Pk-8 centered configuration for all feeder patterns such as ILT.  Without that, the Eddie Congers of the world will fragment and take over Dallas education, and students will not gain! (http://schoolarchiveproject.blogspot.com/2012/02/why-dallas-should-say-no-thanks-to.html

I am here to speak against the District of Innovation model.  Please do not waste valuable board time in this consideration.  Mike Morath was correct when he said that not enough time is spent in board meetings discussing student achievement.  DOI is not an alternative that any research shows will help student achievement. (See more on this at https://www.atpe.org/en/DOI and http://kut.org/post/why-are-some-central-texas-schools-resistant-districts-innovation)  DOI is only 18 months old! Even the two changes DISD is considering with this DOI proposal have no research to back them up.  Plus, they are changes to standards that all 1,200 districts in Texas are working under. If they are truly valuable changes, this needs research, and then a statewide legislative change.

Now to invest time on student achievement. You know I have been working for over 12 years with the Time Capsule Project.  The two oldest Time Capsule Project middle schools now have the highest SEI average over the past three years of all 31 DISD middle schools.  The next 5 Time Capsule Project schools over 3 years old have gained an average of 6.7 points in their SEI during those last three years. The remaining 24 middle schools in DISD have seen their average SEI fall 0.7 of a point during these same three years.   Are we a data-centered district?  

This project to date has cost DISD nothing beyond paper, pencil, and postage. The vaults were all donated. It is easy to find such donors.

We have struggled since 2009 trying to get parents to write a letter to their child about their dreams for them.  This has resulted in priceless letters, but they are written to only about 30% of students. This past May, instead of a letter from the principal, we experimented with students writing these request letters to their parents asking for that priceless letter back themselves about their parents dreams for them.  The results were dramatic!  In several classes as many as 85% of parents responded!  Numbers almost tripled!  Parents responded directly to their children!

(See documentation in recent blogs below.)


Since May it has been recommended to all 11 Time Capsule Project schools to expanded to all grades writing letters each year. Year old letters are returned each year to be read before new letters are written.  Only the letters written in the final grade of a school (5th, 8th or 12th) are letters planning 10 years into the future, and are the only letters that remain in the vault a decade. Now Time Capsule Projects are starting in elementary schools. 

With these improvements, and that significantly higher level of parental involvement annually, the SEI scores will rise much more rapidly at the 5 additional Time Capsule Project Schools now in development, as well as the 11 other already high performing Time Capsule Project Schools.   

This is how we need to spend more of our time at DISD Board meetings, not in discussing things like Home Rule and DOI!     

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

What are your dreams for me?

A parent’s dreams for their child drive school achievement best 
when those dreams are both documented as they change
and discussed at home.
Due to ongoing improvements in student achievement in schools with it, Dallas ISD is preparing to expand a 10-year middle school Time Capsule Project started in 2005 so it is available for all schools. It will be available for the English Language Arts curriculum as a set of two letter writing assignments each year in all grades from third through 12th grade.

The assignments are recommended for the start of each school year.  They involve students writing one or more letters to their parents, and/or other important people in their lives, asking for a letter back about that persons dreams for them.  This "What are your dreams for me" letter also requests one story from their family history to be included in the letter that the person writing the letter considers so valuable they would like that story to be passed on someday to the student's children.

Such a story would strengthen a child's awareness of their own heritage, their roots, or their community history.  These letters will provide priceless documentation.

On Career Day, these volunteers talk to current students about life after middle school, their employment and preparation for it, and what they would do differently if they were 12 again.

A note from the school is attached to each student’s letter written. It reinforces details about the Time Capsule Project. It recommends everyone writing a letter go over it with the student before the student brings it back it school.
At school with the letter(s), students then write a letter to themselves about their goals and how they will achieve them.  This student letter includes other stories students want to remember. When finished, each student places their letter, and all relative letters received, into the self-addressed envelope they should have addressed in class before writing their letters.  (They use their complete home address with email and cell number placed in the second and third lines of the address above the street number and name on the envelope. The return address should have teachers name, the class, and the date the letter is written.)  Addressing envelopes is critical so letters are not lost. The completed envelope is placed into the school’s time capsule, on the shelf dedicated to each student's class.
Each year the previous year’s envelopes are returned to students before the next letter writing process. In their request letter to each relative, students include the letter written the year before. The year-old letters are read before new ones are written to update dreams and plans.
It is a growing process. Students are reminded of it as they see the 500-pound Time Capsule Vault that was bolted to the floor in the school lobby.  Hopefully they are passing it several times daily where it should have been centrally located, and even under spotlights if possible.
This process changes for students in their final year in their school before leaving for the next school in the educational process.  That last year letters are written with plans and dreams focused 10 years into the future.  These final envelopes remain in the time capsule for a decade, until the class 10-year reunion.  These letters are recommended to be written during the last month in the school.
An example of the reunions to anticipate is the third Quintanilla Middle School 10-year reunion that will be in April or May of 2017 for the 8th grade class of 2007. It’s scheduled before Career Day to secure volunteers for Career Day from the students coming to the reunion to pick up their decade old letters. 
Such annual goal-focused letter writing is now moving into the elementary grades in at least two DISD elementary schools. At what age could a child write such a powerful request to their parents in a letter? Writing the letter prepares the student to be more open to what their parents will write back.  
It is never too early for a child to discuss their life plans with parents. 

As the years pass, with this letter writing between parent and child happening, parental involvement in school will gain in strength.  Parents will improve in their understanding of what is happening in school. Their understanding of goals possible with education will improve. They will be more comfortable asking questions.

The School Effectiveness Indices for the involved schools will continue to rise, especially above the non-involved schools.   See some of the data and history of this project as it improved over the years. See http://schoolarchiveproject.blogspot.com/2016/10/dallas-isd-time-capsule-project_28.html

1-14-17 Bill Betzen, bbetzen@aol.com

Monday, November 14, 2016

Time Capsule Project Achievements Since 2005 - a focus on the future!

  • The oldest Time Capsule Project DISD middle schools (Quintanilla 2005 & Greiner 2009) now have the highest 3-year average SEI* scores of all 31 DISD middle schools!  
  • The 5 middle schools with newer Time Capsule Projects have achieved an average 3-year SEI gain of 6.7 points per school!  
  • The 24 middle schools with no Time Capsule Project suffered an average 3-year SEI loss of 0.7 points during the same years.  
  • Sunset, with the oldest high school Time Capsule Project, has now changed one of the worst DISD graduation rates a decade ago into the highest of all 22 non-magnet high schools! 
  • See charts & details in October 2016 blogs at www.StudentMotivation.org.

Annual goal-focused letter writing is now recommended for all grades in Time Capsule Project schools. It is also recommended that the request for parents to write a letter about their dreams for their child come directly from the student in a personal letter. This was first done in May 2016 with the result that the old 30% parental response rate almost tripled! As many as 85% of parents responded with a potentially priceless letter to their child.  
The third Quintanilla 10-year reunion will be this year, scheduled as planned before Career Day.  The 8th grade class of 2007 will return to pick up their 2007 letters in time for volunteers to be secured for Career Day. Eighth grade students were told a decade ago to be prepared to give such talks. They speak with current students on Career Day about life after middle school, their employment and preparation for it, and what they would do differently if they could be 13 once again. Is it easy to understand why the SEI is rising?   
* “School Effectiveness Indices (SEI’s) are Dallas ISD's value-added measure of the academic performance of a school's students. The SEI model is an alternative to evaluating school performance with absolute measures such as passing rates. SEIs are a fairer method for determining a school's effect on student performance because they take into consideration known factors over which school personnel have no control, such as socio-economic status, language proficiency, and gender.”
      From
https://mydata.dallasisd.org/SL/SD/SEI/Default.jsp with 18 years SEI data by school.     

Monday, November 7, 2016

Review of 2014 & 2015 Texas Education Agency Snapshot Data for Texas Charter Schools compared with ISD’s

This review uses data from the Texas Education Agency Snapshot pages for 2014 and 2015, online at http://tea.texas.gov/perfreport/snapshot/index.html. This data is inserted below in three three-pages containing all 98 data items from each year for all charter schools and ISD’s in Texas, and for Dallas ISD, for these years. Items that are identified as more significant have an “X” to the far right.  Here are some of the more critical items.  They are identified with the number in the far left-hand column of the spreadsheets, starting with page 1 below.

Items 3 through 16 cover basic demographic information. Notice that economically handicapped minority students are over represented in charter schools, items 6 and 11.

Items 18, 19 and 20 indicate that the charter dropout rate is over three times that for ISD’s while charter graduation rates are between 20 and 30 percentage points worse than ISD’s.

The percentage of charter students passing all statewide tests, item 23, remains about 2 percentage points lower than in ISD’s in Texas.
Page 1 summary Texas Education Agency Snapshot Data for years 2014 & 2015 with Dallas ISD
On page 2 below, item 36 indicates a positive trend in charter school of higher percentages of children classified as economically disadvantaged & passing all statewide tests.

Items 37 through 40 indicate that while between 17 and 20 percent less charter school students are taking either ACT or SAT tests, this select group is still testing below the ISD students for Texas.

Items 43 and 44 indicate that charter schools invest about twice as much in administrative and leadership positions in their schools.  Item 46 indicates they spend over 5% less in teachers. 

Item 52 shows that the average charter teacher salary is $6,000 less than the average ISD teacher salary while the charter teacher has an average of between 1 and 2 more students in each charter class, item 55.  Items 56 and 57 show ISD teachers have over twice the average teaching experience of a charter teacher and less than half the turnover.


Page 2 summary Texas Education Agency Snapshot Data for years 2014 & 2015 with Dallas ISD
On page 3 below, items 81 through 85 show again how more money is invested in charter administration, leadership, and building expenses and less in charter school instruction.  This distribution apparently varies state to state.  In Massachusetts, this is apparently not true based on the 11-6-16 article “Schools That Work” posted in the NY Times about Boston charter schools.  This article by David Lionhardt stated that Boston charter schools “devote more of the resources to classroom teaching and less to almost everything else.”  If that is true, it is the opposite of charter schools in Texas.  (I wrote on 11-7-16 to Massachusetts education staff asking for similar data from their state to compare charter funding of classroom instruction in Massachusetts. No response received as of 12-10-16.)


Page 3 summary Texas Education Agency Snapshot Data for years 2014 & 2015 with Dallas ISD
This fast review only starts a conversation about the 98 TEA Snapshot data items for 2014 and 2015.  

11-7-16, Bill Betzen

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Dallas ISD dropout indicators as of 10-01-16 enrollment

This is a chart of the 22 Comprehensive High School in Dallas ISD and their enrollment by grade as of 10-1-16.  The balance between 9th grade enrollment and 12th grade enrollment is a general indicator of the dropout numbers that each school will be enduring.  Sunset is the best in DISD by over 10 percentage points!
Dallas ISD Comprehensive High Schools enrollment by grade as of 10-1-16 and dropout indicators.
The position of Sunset at the top of this chart is a reflection of 12 years active work in the Time Capsule Project and a reflection of the fact that Sunset receives most of their students from Quintanilla who started the Time Capsule Project in 2005, and Greiner Middle School who started their Time Capsule Project with Sunset in 2010.

The above statements still need to be researched.  There are multiple other variables that can also, and probably did, account for this monumental progress at Sunset.  Sunset used to be one of the highest dropout rate high schools in all of DISD.

To provide a little history on Sunset, here is a chart covering the decade of enrollments and graduations before 2012 at Sunset.  Notice the imbalance in enrollment that was slowly disappearing with the onset of more future planning students:

Sunset High School enrollment by grade history from 1997 to 2011
Notice how the balance between 12th grade enrollment and 9th grade enrollment began to balance once the Time Capsule Project students began entering Sunset in 2005. The changes started the next year as a higher percentage of 9th graders when on to the 10th grade, a percentage that increased almost every year from that time forward.  That is the power of students having once written serious plans for their own future.  Now we recommend such student writing happen every year in Language Arts classes in every grade.  Just once a year is enough.

Sunset installed their own vault the summer of 2009 along with Greiner. Here is a history of Sunset's graduation rates back in these early days of the Time Capsule Project:
Sunset High School & DISD Graduation Rates Compared from 2000 to 2010.
Principal Tony Tovar came to Sunset in 2005, same year Time Capsule Project started at Quintanilla.

The progress at Sunset continues to this day!  More improvement is needed even when you are on top.